History of Arnis/Kali
Kali is the mother art of all Filipino Martial Arts and dates to at least
the Sri Vijaya and Majapahit empires of
The art was then subsequently influenced by trading with powerful neighbours
Originally, Arnis was not practised in groups or class format, but is highly dependent on a one to one transmission, or one master to a small group of students. Even though teaching to a group, the actual teaching itself is always one to one, which is similar to expert personal tuition from a western fencing coach.
In order to suppress opposition to their rule, the Spanish, during their 400
year occupation of the
Traditional Arnis is still practised in remote rural areas, in secret as usual. Training in secret is, and has always been, the usual mode and characteristic of the old practitioners of Arnis. This fact is much misunderstood even by practitioners of modernFilipino martial artists due to the legacy of Spanish repression of native culture.
Historians have cited at least a few hundred styles of Arnis-Eskrima-Kali.